A study has argued that the promotion of accessible tourism could help Nepal drive the sector's recovery and boost the economy. "Investing in disability-friendly infrastructure and services can help hoteliers and entrepreneurs tap the accessible tourism market in Nepal, a growing segment globally, while driving economic growth and accelerating recovery", said the International Finance Corporation (IFC).
The study was conducted by the Society of Economic Journalists, Nepal in collaboration with the National Federation of the Disabled, Nepal, which was financially and technically assisted by the IFC.
A Survey on Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities in Nepal’s Hotels covered 90 starred hotels in major cities. While 95 percent of the participating hoteliers were aware of accessible tourism as a concept, they had not invested in necessary measures to ensure accessibility for persons with disabilities.
The report mentioned with existing facilities limited to ramps and lifts in most hotels, only 17 percent of the surveyed hotels put up signs to help visually-impaired guests, and 74 percent of the hotels did not have any Braille signage on door plaques and room directories, according to the survey. Further, only about nine percent of the hotels had staff who were trained in or had a basic knowledge of sign language while only 33 percent of the participating hotels had extra wheelchairs for guests.
"Globally, the concept of accessible or inclusive tourism has gained ground in recent times. Accessibility at tourism destinations is key to responsible and sustainable tourism to ensure everyone can be part of the tourism experience, regardless of physical limitations, disabilities, or age," said Wendy Werner, IFC Country Manager for Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. "Accessible tourism is not only a human right, but it also makes business sense."
According to the World Health Organization, globally, around one billion people are affected by some form of disability. According to disability rights experts in Nepal, as more persons with physical limitations and disabilities travel around the world, a focus on accessible infrastructure in hotels as well as tourism destinations can boost the number of foreign tourists in the country.
"Currently, around 2,000 tourists with disabilities visit Nepal every year," said President of the National Federation of the Disabled–Nepal, Mitra Lal Sharma. "But, with improved facilities and conditions that are more disability-friendly, the number could easily go up to over 10,000 tourists a year."
Moreover, President of Hotel Association of Nepal, Shreejana Rana, observed, "Although accessible tourism is relatively new in Nepal, we are confident that with adequate support, we can push ourselves to explore and attract this growing segment of tourists to our country."
The study recommends, going forward, the government, the private sector, and donor agencies will need to work together to create a conducive environment by incorporating universal accessibility practices into relevant legal and policy provisions, with the involvement of persons with disabilities.